Italiano
Integrazione scolastica degli stranieri

Educational and social integration of second generation foreign children

The survey on "Integration of the second generation" (ISG) was carried out by Istat in 2015 co-financed by the Ministry of Interior and the European Union European Fund for the Integration of third-country nationals (EFI).

The survey involved lower and upper secondary schools attended by at least 5 foreign students. In these type of schools the total number of foreign students registered in 2015 was 148 thousand in the lower-secondary school and 157 thousand in the upper-secondary school.

30.4% of foreign students in secondary schools was born in Italy; 23.5% arrived before 6 years of age, 26.2% entered in Italy between 6 and 10 years old and 19.9% arrived at 11 years or older.

49% of foreign students born abroad was enrolled in the class corresponding to their age; almost 40% was registered in the previous class and 12.2% in classes where the fixed enrollment age is at least two years less than that of the interviewed.

27.3% of foreign students had to repeat one or more years of schooling (Figure1). Most of those born abroad had the experience of repeating the school-year (31%), while for those born in Italy value is closer to that of Italian students (18.7% and 14.3%).

21.6% of foreign students of lower-secondary schools did not spend time with classmates outside school, versus 9.3% of Italian students. 13.8% of foreign students declared they spent free time with other foreigners only.

Nearly 38% of the foreign students declared to feel "Italian"; 33% felt foreigner and more than 29% preferred not to answer. Almost 53% of the students arrived at the age of 10 or older feeling "foreigner".

The situation for foreign students born in Italy was very different: only 23.7% of respondents felt foreigner, while 47.5% felt Italian.

Many Italian students (42.6%) and foreign students (46.5 %) would have like to live abroad when adult.

Teachers declared in general a good level of integration of foreign students; the most relevant difficulties were related to the language use. Teachers in schools with a high proportion of foreign students declared more frequently difficult situations.

73.1% of head teachers declared a greater awareness than before about the need to plan appropriate strategies for a positive integration of immigrant children.

For information
Socio-demographic and environmental statistics directorate
Statistics on social dynamics and foreign presence

Cinzia Conti
ph. +39 06 4673.7366
ciconti@istat.it

tags:
education, foreigners, immigrants, inclusion, resident population, society, statistics report
theme:
Daily life and citizen opinions, Education and training
document typology:
Press release
Reference period
Year 2015
Date of publication
15 March 2016
Full text
(pdf 292 KB)
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