Politica e istituzioni

Politics and Institutions

Basic concepts

The domain is based on the consideration that the trust expressed by the citizens to the institutions, as well as civic and political participation facilitate cooperation and social cohesion while allowing greater effi-ciency of public policies and a lower cost of transactions. Starting from this assumption a reflection has been carried out on the information needed to measure issues and problems – such as trust, participa-tion, equity and social cohesion – the importance of which has been further highlighted by the current economic crisis.

Dimensions considered to represent the domain

Firstly, a set of indicators has been identified to provide an initial measure of the components of social capital relating to the political and institutional framework. The indicators are based on the data available at present in official statistics (with a deficit of information regarding the compliance with the rules). Sec-ondly, in an attempt to overcome at least in part the inadequacy of available statistical information, the document contains recommendations to design of a specific survey on the subject of civicness. The pro-posed indicators refer to the institutional sphere of the state as drivers of well-being of individuals, fami-lies and social groups in the local and national contexts. The dimensions considered to represent the do-main are:

  1. Civic and political participation;
  2. Trust in institutions and social cohesion;
  3. Shared values and norms.

This last aspect although relevant it is not measurable for lack of indicators of good quality. In particular, it would be essential to have objective and subjective measures of corrup-tion.;

Equity is a cross-cutting aspect across which is analysed in the other domains by using appropriate break-downs for reading the indicators from this perspective, with particular reference to gender and age. In the domain “policy and institutions” appeared, however, of particular importance to give a particular rele-vance to equity with respect to gender and age introducing some specific indicators.

List of indicators

  1. Voter turnout: Percentage of eligible voter who cast a ballot in the last election for the European Par-liament.
  2. Trust in the parliament: Average score of trust in the Italian Parliament (on a scale from 0 to 10) ex-pressed by people aged 14 and over.
  3. Trust in the judicial system: Average score of trust in the judicial system (on a scale from 0 to 10) ex-pressed by people aged 14 and over.
  4. Trust in political parties: Average score of trust in political parties (on a scale from 0 to 10) expressed by people aged 14 and over.
  5. Trust in local institutions: Average score of trust in regional government, provincial government and municipal government (on a scale from 0 to 10) expressed by people aged 14 and over.
  6. Trust in other types of institutions: Average score of trust in the police and the fire brigade (on a scale from 0 to 10) expressed by people aged 14 and over.
  7. Women and political representation in Parliament: Percentage of women elected in Parliament on to-tal number of MPs.
  8. Women and political representation at the local level: Percentage of women elected in regional coun-cils on total number of elected people.
  9. Women in decision-making bodies: Percentage of women in position of high responsibility within the following bodies: Constitutional court, Magistrates' Governing Council, Regulatory authorities (com-petition, communication, privacy, securities market), Embassies.
  10. Women on boards of directors of companies listed in the Italian stock exchange: Percentage of wom-en in the board of companies listed in stock exchange.
  11. Average age of the Italian Parliament: Average age of MPs.
  12. Length of civil proceedings of ordinary cognisance of first and second degree: Average duration in days of civil proceedings defined by a judgment.